Tank care of African Dwarf Frogs is very simple. Please allow one gallon
of water per frog. They are not very messy and they don't produce a lot of waste but their food tends to foul up the water
more then they do. They do not need a heater as long as the water doesn't drop below 70. I keep my dwarf tank at 75 and they
are happy and healthy. Don't put them in very high and deep tanks. They aren't the best swimmers and it would be stressful
on them to be straining to reach air.
Substrate can be bare bottom or aquarium gravel. Bare bottom is the easiest to keep
clean. Use a turkey baster to remove waste and uneaten food off the bottom. You can lay a black or brown (or any color) cloth
underneath the tank to make it look more natural and secure for the frogs. Aquarium gravel gives a more natural and realistic
look. But you will need to clean it every two weeks. DO NOT use large marbles, river stones, etc with the dwarf frog. They
can easily get wedged underneath a large stone or marble and not be able to reach air or get crushed. Sand can also be used
and works quite well with dwarf frogs. They are too small to stir it up enough to clog a filter impellar. Although they can
ingest large amounts of it during feeding. If this happens place a small plate in the tank and place all food on this plate.
This also teaches the frogs to go to the plate for food.
Plants offer a natural environment and a sense of security for dwarf frogs. Fake
or real plants can be used. If using fake plants i would stick to silk plants because plastic plants can scrach dwarf frogs.
Dwarf frogs can be kept with any type of living plant. They are not destructive towards even the finest of the aquarium plants.
The smaller types of anubias plants work really well with dwarf frogs. anubias nana has broad thick leaves that offer great
hiding places for dwarf frogs.
Hiding Places are a must for dwarf frogs. They are shy creatures and like a wide
variety of places to retreat too. Small terra cotta pots turned on their sides look beautiful in a natural tank. They love
thick clumps of anubias nana to hide in. Anything that a little dwarf frog can get into will make a great hiding place. A
majority of the aquarium decorations being sold today double as some sort of cave or hiding area.
Filtration keeps the water clean but a filter is not needed. In small tanks (3 gallons
and smaller) i would not use a filter. Most small tanks that size come with internal filters powered by an airstone. This
is a bad idea for dwarf frogs since they are sensitive to water vibrations. I would discard the internal filter and just do
weekly water changes. In tanks larger then 3 gallons i would use a Whisper powerfilter. It is the quietest of all hanging
filters and has least amount of surface disturbance. There is no need to overfilter if you tank is just dedicated to dwarfs
(or the occasional snail or algea eater).
Lighting is optional as well. You can use flourescent, incandescent or none at all.
But do turn out the lights for them at night, keeping lights on 24 hours is very unnatural and unsettling for them. It also
encourages rapid algea growth.
African Dwarf frogs can be kept in a wide range of pH's. I keep my dwarf frog tank at a neutral pH of 7.0-7.2. Weekly
water changes should be done to ensure clean water.